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Obesity Facts & Figures

  

Obesity is a serious, chronic disease and is defined as an excessively high amount of body fat in relation to lean body mass. Obesity is an excess of total body fat, which results from caloric intake that exceeds energy usage. A measurement used to assess health risks of obesity is Body Mass Index (BMI).  Obesity is the second leading cause of preventable death following smoking. 

Causes of Obesity 

Obesity could be a combination of the following:

Your eating and exercising habits
The genes you inherited from your parents
How well your body turns food into energy
Your surroundings   
Psychological factors     

  

Consequences of Obesity: 

If you are obese, severely obese, or morbidly obese, you may have major health risks such as:
Shorter Life Expectancy
Compared to people of normal weight, obese people have a 50% to 100% increased risk of dying prematurely       

Obese people have more risk for:

Diabetes (type 2)         
High blood pressure    
Certain types of cancer (breast, uterine, colon)          Joint problems (e.g., arthritis)        
Digestive disorders (e.g., gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GORD)         
Urinary Incontinence Breathing difficulties (e.g., sleep apnea, asthma)         
Heart disease        
Problems with fertility and pregnancy         
Social isolation    
Risks to psychological and social well-being such as depression            
Negative self-image     
Discrimination  
Difficulties with day-to-day living     
Normal tasks become harder as movement is more difficult   
You tend to tire more quickly
Short of breath   
Public transport seats, telephone booths, and cars may be too small for you   
Possible difficulty to maintain personal hygiene

  

 

  

 

  

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© 2010 Victorian Obesity Consortium

                                                              

Obesity Info

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